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Minecraft potions guide

Minecraft potions
(Image credit: Mojang)

Looking for a list of the best Minecraft potions? These handy concoctions can be made out of almost anything in the world, but grant powerful effects that help you navigate the world and fend off the deadliest of mobs. Whether it's breathing underwater, gaining resistance to fire, or just some good ol' fashioned healing, Minecraft potions give you an edge when exploring the world and gathering materials.

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But in order to make these mixtures you're going to need some special brewing equipment and know-how. In this guide we'll explain what these are, and how to use them, as well as providing a Minecraft potion list for recipes, and information about adding various ingredients to modify your brew's effect.

If you're also on the lookout for extra protection when away from your base, this best Minecraft enchantments list will also help strengthen your armour and tools. If you want to go even further, crafting your gear from Minecraft Netherite is another way to go.

Brewing equipment

Minecraft Brewing Equipment 

Here's all the gear you need to make Minecraft potions.

  • Brewing Stand: A block used for adding ingredients into water bottles.
  • Cauldron: This holds the water, and is used to fill the Glass Bottles which will eventually house the potions.
  • Blaze Powder: This the fuel for the Brewing Stand.
  • Glass Bottle: These are the containers for your potions.
  • Water Bottle: This is the starting base for all potions. You get it by filling a Glass Bottle from the Cauldron. 

How to use a Brewing Stand 

The Brewing Stand can be made by combining one Blaze Rod with three bits of Cobblestone. You need to place the Blaze Rod in the centre as fuel and the Cobblestone along the bottom row. Blaze Rods can be found by killing Blazes in Nether Fortresses, and it's worth picking up as many as you can.

Along with the fuel to the Brewing Stand you need to get started, you're also going to need some Water Bottles, and some Nether Wart. 

To make Water Bottles, first craft Glass Bottles by combining three pieces of Glass on a crafting table. These must be arranged in a V shape with the three pieces being in the middle-left, bottom-middle, and middle-right of the table. Then, take your bottles to a water source and use them. 

Next is the Nether Wart, which you can get by finding it in The Nether. You can also create your own farm by laying down some Soul Sand and planting the Nether Wart in it.

Now that's settled, we can return to brewing. Add up to three Water Bottles to the stand before adding in some Nether Wart. Once the process has completed, you'll have three Awkward Potions to play around with. On their own these potions are useless, but they're also the main component of most potions.

The Brewing Stand interface for making Minecraft potions

(Image credit: Mojang)

Base ingredients

Base Ingredients

There are two basic ways to change potions. The first is changing how the potion works at a base level, such as making it last longer, or making it more potent. Here are the ingredients for the base changes, how to get them, and what they do:

Base PotionRequired IngredientHow to getModifier effect
Mundane PotionRedstone DustMine Redstone OreExtends potion duration
Thick PotionGlowstone DustMine Glowstone OreIncreases potency but reduces duration
Potion of WeaknessFermented Spider EyeCraft with Sugar and Brown MushroomGives opposite effect
Splash Water BottleGunpowderKill Creepers, Ghasts, or WitchesSpreads effect when thrown
Lingering Water BottleDragon's BreathCollect Enders' fireballs with an empty bottleCreates cloud of effect when thrown

Effect ingredients

Effect Ingredients

Effect is the second thing you change about Minecraft potions, and these are provided by combining Awkward Potions with different ingredients. You just need to put the Awkward Potion in the Brewing Stand, and add the relevant ingredient to it. Ensure there is still Blaze Powder lighting the stand, too, otherwise nothing will happen. Now you can then look at enhancing them or altering them. Here, we’ll run through all of the effect potions, what ingredients you’ll need, how to nab those ingredients, and what they do:

Effect PotionRequired ingredientHow to getModifier effect
Potion of SwiftnessSugarCraft Sugar CaneIncreases speed
Potion of LeapingRabbit's FootKill rabbitsIncreases jump height
Potion of HealingGlistering Melon SliceCraft using eight Gold Nuggets and Melon SliceHeals you
Potion of PoisonSpider's EyeKill spidersDepletes health over time
Potion of Water BreathingPufferfishFish outside of Jungle biomeBreathe underwater
Potion of Fire ResistanceMagma CreamButcher Magma CubesGrants fire resistance
Potion of Night VisionGolden CarrotCraft using eight Golde Nuggets and CarrotIncreases nightime visibility
Potion of StrengthBlaze PowderCraft a Blaze RodIncreases melee damage
Potion of RegenerationGhast TearKill GhastsRestores health over time
Potion of Turtle MasterTurtle ShellCraft using five Scutes from baby turtlesIncreases defense while slowing speed
Potion of Slow FallingPhantom MembraneKill PhantomsFall slower

A potion doesn't have to be glamorous to be useful, and staying alive is pretty much essential to doing well. Whether you need a quick boost in a scrap, or if you're just trying to recover after it's over, these potions will make sure you always come out on top.

And that's our Minecraft potions guide. The process might seem complex at first, you'll know what you're doing before long.

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