GPU hierarchy 2019: Ranking the graphics cards you can buy

The graphics card is the most important component of any gaming PC, but if you're not familiar with the current lineup of models from Nvidia and AMD, it can be incredibly difficult to figure out how each graphics card stacks up. Varying features and constantly changing prices only add to the confusion.

To simplify things, we've created this list of graphics cards ordered from most powerful to least powerful. The rank is based on our own testing of FPS averages in popular games, as well as market research.

We're also only looking at the speeds from 'stock' graphics cards—many of these GPUs have overclocked versions available from multiple companies that can squeeze out a bit more performance. The exact performance you'll see in games also depends on what processor and RAM you're using, and if you decide to do any manual overclocking.

Regardless, this should give you a bit more context about how the major graphics cards stack up right now, and help you make informed purchases. For simplicity's sake, the list only contains cards you can buy right now. For example, while the GTX 1080 and 1070 are still very good graphics cards, Nvidia and other manufacturers have largely stopped manufacturing and selling them.

1. Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti

Boost Clock: 1635MHz | Memory: 11GB GDDR6 | CUDA Cores: 4352 | Memory Bandwidth: 616GB/s

Fastest graphics card around
Ray tracing and deep learning tech
Extremely expensive
Few games have ray-tracing

2. Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080

Boost Clock: 1710MHz | Memory: 8GB GDDR6 | CUDA Cores: 2944 | Memory Bandwidth: 448GB/s

Second-fastest graphics card for gaming
Ray tracing and deep learning tech
Only marginally faster than the GTX 1080 TI
Still very expensive

3. AMD Radeon VII

Boost Clock: 1750MHz | Memory: 16GB HMB2 | Stream Processors: 3840 | Memory Bandwidth: 1000GB/s

First 7nm graphics card
Good performance at 1440p and 4K
Runs hotter and draws more power than the RTX 2080
Similar pricing to the RTX 2080

4. Nvidia GeForce RTX 2070

Boost Clock: 1620MHz | Memory: 8GB GDDR6 | CUDA Cores: 2304 | Memory Bandwidth: 448GB/s

Good performance at 1440p and 4K
Includes same features as 2080 and 2080 Ti
Still expensive
Few ray tracing or DLSS games

5. AMD Radeon RX Vega 64

Boost Clock: 1546MHz | Memory: 8GB HBM2 | Steam Processors: 4096 | Memory Bandwidth: 484GB/s

Good performance at 1440p and 1080p
Far cheaper than the Radeon VII
Requires more power than similar Nvidia graphics cards

6. Nvidia GeForce RTX 2060

Boost Clock: 1680MHz | Memory: 6GB GDDR6 | CUDA Cores: 1920 | Memory Bandwidth: 336GB/s

Good performance at 1080p and 1440p
Cheapest ray tracing graphics card
Questionable ray tracing performance
Few RT/DLSS games

7. AMD Radeon RX Vega 56

Boost Clock: 1471MHz | Memory: 8GB HBM2 | Stream Processors: 3,584 | Memory Bandwidth: 410GB/s

Good performance at 1080p and 1440p
Does well in DirectX 12 games
More power-hungry than comparable Nvidia cards
Not a good value compared to the GTX 1660 Ti

8. Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660 Ti

Boost Clock: 1770MHz | Memory: 6GB GDDR5 | CUDA Cores: 1536 | Memory Bandwidth: 288GB/s

Good performance at 1080p
Nvidia Turing architecture
No ray tracing or DLSS
Generational price increase

9. Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660

Boost Clock: 1785MHz | Memory: 6GB GDDR5 | CUDA Cores: 1408 | Memory Bandwidth: 192GB/s

Good performance at 1080p
Efficient Turing design
No ray tracing or DLSS
No GDDR6 memory

10. AMD Radeon RX 590

Boost Clock: 1545MHz | Memory: 8GB GDDR5 | Steam Processors: 2,304 | Memory Bandwidth: 256GB/s

Good choice for 1080p gaming
Great overall value
Modest improvement over RX 580 8GB
No real architectural improvements

11. AMD Radeon RX 580 8GB

Boost Clock: 1340MHz | Memory: 8GB GDDR5 | Stream processors: 2,304 | Memory Bandwidth: 256GB/s

Best bang-for-your-buck graphics cards
Regularly sells for under $200
Less efficient than Nvidia cards
Older architecture

12. Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 6GB

Boost Clock: 1708MHz | Memory: 6GB GDDR5 | CUDA Cores: 1280 | Memory Bandwidth: 192GB/s

A solid midrange card for 1080p gaming
More expensive than the faster RX 580
Uses Nvidia's last-gen architecture

13. Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 3GB

Boost Clock: 1708MHz | Memory: 3GB GDDR5 | CUDA Cores: 1152 | Memory Bandwidth: 192GB/s

Good for 1080p esports/lightweight games
Not a great value compared to competition
Uses Nvidia's last-gen architecture
Limited VRAM can be a problem

14. AMD Radeon RX 570 4GB

Boost Clock: 1244MHz | Memory: 4GB GDDR5 | Stream Processors: 1328 | Memory Bandwidth: 224GB/s

Good for 1080p esports/lightweight games
Good bang-for-your-buck value
4GB of VRAM isn't a lot to work with in 2019

15. Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti

Boost Clock: 1392MHz | Memory: 4GB GDDR5 | CUDA Cores: 768 | Memory Bandwidth: 112GB/s

Good for 1080p esports/lightweight games
Most models don't require 6-pin PEG power
Not a good value compared to RX 570 4GB
Prices are higher than at launch

16. AMD Radeon RX 560 4GB

Boost Clock: 1275MHz | Memory: 4GB GDDR5 | Steam Processors: 1024 | Memory Bandwidth: 112GB/s

Good enough for esports/lightweight games
Most models cost around $100
Struggles in more demanding games
Limited VRAM

17. Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050

Boost Clock: 1455MHz | Memory: 2GB GDDR5 | CUDA Cores: 640 | Memory Bandwidth: 112GB/s

Doesn't require 6-pin PEG power connection
Can still play lightweight games
RX 560 4GB is same or lower price
2GB is very restricting
Struggles in latest games

18. AMD Radeon RX 550

Boost Clock: 1883MHz | Memory: 4GB GDDR5 | Steam Processors: 512 | Memory Bandwidth: 112GB/s

Doesn't require 6-pin PEG power
Still provides 4GB of VRAM
Not much better than integrated graphics
Many modern games struggle

19. Nvidia GeForce GT 1030

Boost Clock: 1468MHz | Memory: 2GB GDDR5 | CUDA Cores: 384 | Memory Bandwidth: 48GB/s

Technically a graphics card
Can play CSGO and LoL at >60FPS
No PEG power connection
Only slightly faster than Intel UHD 630
Price isn't very compelling

20. AMD Radeon Vega 8 (Ryzen 3 2200G)

Boost Clock: 1100MHz | Memory: Shared system RAM | Stream Processors: 512 | Memory Bandwidth: 34.1-51.2GB/s (shared)

'Free' with Ryzen APU (cost about as much as GT 1030)
Can usually break 60fps in CSGO and LoL
Matches budget dedicated GPUs
Ryzen 3 2200G is relatively slow
Needs faster DDR4 RAM to reach potential

So there you have it—all the graphics cards you can buy right now, (roughly) ranked by performance. If you're interested in more detailed comparisons, check out our Best Graphics Cards guide. We also have a frequently-updated list of the best graphics cards deals.

If you have an older GPU and want to know where it sits in the list, here's the quick rundown of Nvidia's 10-series cards. The GTX 1080 Ti ranks just below the 2080, but ahead of the Radeon VII. The GTX 1080 comes in just ahead of the RX Vega 64, with the GTX 1070 Ti effectively tied with the Vega 64 (just a hair slower). The GTX 1070 meanwhile comes in about 5-8 percent below the RX Vega 56, a few percent ahead of the GTX 1660 Ti.

Going back another generation to Nvidia's 900-series and AMD's R9 series, things get a bit messier. The GTX 980 Ti is about 10 percent below the GTX 1070, and the R9 Fury X is about 5-10 percent slower than the 980 Ti. The R9 Fury and R9 Nano drop another 10-15 percent relative to the Fury X, with the Nano being very close to the GTX 980 in performance. The 980 also roughly matches the GTX 1060 6GB, along with the R9 390X. The R9 390 is a bit slower (5-10 percent), but thanks to its 8GB VRAM, it's 10-15 percent faster than the GTX 970. The even older R9 290X is basically a tie with the R9 390, with the R9 290 dropping 10 percent (basically tying the GTX 970). Finally, the R9 380 and 380X typically beat the GTX 1050 Ti, while Nvidia GTX 960 and 950 offer nearly the same performance as the GTX 1050 Ti and 1050, respectively. Anything below these cards is ripe for an upgrade.

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