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Minecraft villager jobs and trading guide

Minecraft villager - a farmer villager stands in a plains town above a field of crops.
(Image credit: Mojang)
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If you want to make the most of your world, getting friendly with Minecraft villagers is a great way to grab new gear and resources. Unlike their ancestors, modern Minecraft villagers do a heck of a lot more than just wander around muttering at one another. There are now a lot of things to know about your emerald-loving neighbors: villager jobs, villager trades, and even villager breeding if you want more workers to barter with. 

Villagers are neutral nobs, meaning they won't attack you, but you won't want to ignore them during your adventures. Like animal mobs, they have some really handy uses. Spending enough time helping out around town and learning to trade with the locals can increase your popularity and eventually net you some pretty slick deals for the emeralds you've been digging up.

Don't get discouraged or confused by their brusque attitudes.  We'll show you how to identify a villager's job and rank, get the most out of your villager trades, how to breed more, and even gain some extra goodwill by curing zombie villagers. Here's everything you need to know to become a Star Trader and even Hero of the Village. 

How many Minecraft villager jobs are there?

(Image credit: Mojang)

Minecraft's villages are bustling places, and almost every villager has a job to do. You'll recognize many of them by their clothes and activities: farmers, armorers, librarians, and more. Which villager jobs exist in town will depend on which buildings were generated for that village. Different types of buildings like libraries or temples will have a job block that a villager claims as their job site.

There are also two types of villagers who do not have jobs and cannot trade with you. The "nitwit" villager wears green and shakes their head when clicked on. An unemployed villager also cannot trade, but can change to a tradeable job if there is any unclaimed job block for them nearby.

When visiting a new village, most villagers should already have jobs assigned. If you choose to breed more villagers (more on that below) you'll be able to influence which job they take by adding new job blocks nearby.

Each profession has a different set of items to trade for. The trades and job blocks for each profession are:

Villager jobs and trades
Villager JobJob BlockTrades
ArmorerBlast FurnaceChain, iron, enchanted diamond armor
ButcherSmokerMeats, berries, stew
CartographerCartography TableBanners, compass, banner patterns, maps
ClericBrewing StandEnder pearls, redstone dust, glowstone dust, potion ingredients
FarmerComposterCrops and foods
FishermanBarrelCampfires and fishing items
FletcherFletching TableBows, crossbows, arrows
LeatherworkerCauldronTurtle scutes, rabbit hides, leather items
LibrarianLecternEnchanted books, clocks, compass, name tags, glass, ink sacs, lanterns, book and quill
MasonStonecutterPolished stone, terracotta, clay, quartz
ShepherdLoomShears, wool, dyes, paintings, beds
ToolsmithSmithing TableMinerals, bells, tools
WeaponsmithGrindstoneMinerals, bells, enchanted weapons

If you’re willing to spend some time developing a village, this makes acquiring certain materials much easier than searching for them in the world. The quality of a Villager's trades improves as they gain experience by trading with you. So invest in those early trades to unlock even better items.

Villagers with jobs will also wear a badge indicating their level, with the mot experienced villagers offering the best trades:

  • Novice: Stone
  • Apprentice: Iron
  • Journeyman: Gold
  • Expert: Emerald
  • Master: Diamond

How to breed your Minecraft villagers

(Image credit: Mojang)

If you want access to even more villagers with different jobs, it stands to reason that you'll need to grow the population. While it may seem a bit odd for you to get involved in your villagers' procreation, you can indeed breed them as you do with animal mobs. Unlike animal breeding, you'll need spare beds in addition to food gifts.

Villagers will breed on their own, so you don’t necessarily have to play cupid. But if you want to speed up the process, you start by making sure they have enough food, as a full stomach puts a Villager in the mood for love. A Villager will be sated by 3 Bread, 12 Carrots, 12 Potatoes, or 12 Beetroots. 

You need to do this with two Villagers and ensure they're in close proximity with one another. Finally, you need to provide them with a bed each, as well as a spare bed for the incoming baby. In this way, you can set up entire breeding factories if you want to (Minecraft is a weird game sometimes). 

The baby will grow up 20 minutes after being born, which is not a lot of time to figure out a career. Makes you appreciate those 16 years at school a little more.

One other way to get more villagers is by curing rare zombie villagers. Throw a Weakness splash potion on a zombified villager and then feed them a golden apple to turn them human again. 

Even more Minecraft villager details

(Image credit: Mojang)

If lightning strikes a Villager, or near one, they’ll become a Witch, and I don't mean the kind that will attempt to sell you healing crystals. Witches are dangerous, so be sure to take them out.

Occasionally villages will get raided by Illagers. You can help to defend the village, and if you’re successful, you’ll earn the title ‘Hero of the Village’. This means you’ll get better rates on trades and can even end up with gifts from the humble townsfolk. It pays to be nice. 

Last of all, attacking a Villager will sour the entire village against you, resulting in higher demands when attempting to trade. You can offset this by saving them or taking the last item they offer in a trade, but it’s far simpler to just not attack them in the first place.