Between sanctions against China and the United States CHIPS act potentially slowing business in Taiwan, the semiconductor industry is ready for a big shakeup. Of course much of this has been orchestrated by the United States to bring more business into the country. Europe did much the same with its own act, and while Taiwan will likely continue to dominate the semiconductor industry for a while to come, we're starting to see some slight changes.
The Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co, or TSMC is one of the biggest chip producers around, especially when it comes to advanced manufacturing. According to NikkeiAsia, TSMC is about to bring some of that power to the United States by manufacturing its 4nm chips out of a new plant in Arizona. This is despite TSMC founder Morris Chang's previous statements, claiming US-based manufacturing would be too expensive.
TSMC already has customers lined up for the United States based plant, and they're not small names either. Both Apple and Nvidia are set to be two of the first to have chips manufactured at the new fab, with other US developers like AMD said to also be in talks to have their turn at the home-based facilities.
Having TSMC set up on North American soil is a huge win for the CHIPS act, proving that it can already tempt high profile companies with the various government subsidies. This push to have advanced semiconductor manufacturing capabilities within the United States has been massive, and is seen as vital for the future of building tech. As such, it's no surprise that President Biden is set to attend a ceremony as the first equipment is installed at the facility.
Originally, the Arizona fab was only set to build 5nm and 4nm chips for things like the iPhone 14 series, at about the rate of 20,000 wafers per month. This new plan means the plant will be pumping out state of the art 3nm wafers at a higher capacity. Having these highly advanced chips made in the United States seems to be exactly the kind of thing the government was hoping for. Especially given they're only currently produced by TSMC, Samsung, and Intel.
But it's also very likely this investment didn't come cheap. TSMC as a company has already poured $12 billion just into the original plan for the plant. There currently aren't any figures addressing what it took to push this 4nm fab to a 3nm one, but I'm guessing it's a figure difficult to comprehend. Here's hoping it's scalable with 2nm chips set to come out in 2026.