Best NVMe SSDs for gaming in 2023

Sabrent Rocket 2230 and WD Black SN850X SSDs
(Image credit: Sabrent | WD)

The best NVMe SSD for gaming will breeze through loading screens in no time. A reliable NVMe SSD makes your day-to-day PC usage a smoother experience, from quickly booting into Windows to loading massive open-world games like Elden Ring or Forspoken in seconds. An NVMe SSD is one of the best, most affordable upgrades you can make to your PC. And right now the best NVMe SSD is the WD Black SN850X.

Even consoles like the Xbox Series X and PlayStation 5 benefit from having an NVMe SSD inside them. PS5 users can expand their storage with a simple DIY upgrade. The Xbox Series X takes advantage of DirectStorage, a technology that boosts loading times, which will make its way to PC gamers soon. In a nutshell, it moves graphics data from the SSD to the GPU's VRAM without involving the CPU. Microsoft says this can reduce CPU usage to nearly 85% while making games load up to 200% faster.

The best thing about the SSD market is that it's super competitive. Every other day, you can find fantastic deals on these speedy drives, particularly 1TB NVMe SSDs, which you can score for about $120. As long as your motherboard has an M.2 slot, picking up an NVMe SSD should be a no-brainer. You could go for a 512GB drive if the cost is a concern, but considering the size of new PC games, it might not be worth it. 1TB should be the smallest capacity drive you go with. 

We've recently tested loads of NVMe SSDs to find the best ones for PC gaming. Each drive we recommend is available in various capacities with prices to match. And remember, larger drives perform better thanks to more controller channels being used at higher capacities, so buy a big drive if you can on sale. It'll be worth it.

Where are the best SSD deals?

In the US:

In the UK:


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The best NVMe SSD


Capacity: 500GB, 1TB, 2TB
Controller: WD in-house (SanDisk)
Memory: 112-layer TLC
Interface: PCIe Gen4 x4
Seq. read: 7,300MB/s
Seq write: 6,300MB/s

Reasons to buy

Runs much cooler than SN850
Great all-round performance
All the Gen 4 SSD you’ll ever need

Reasons to avoid

Not a major step forward
No real gains in 4K random performance
Heat sink adds cost

Our favorite WD Black SN850X config:

WD_Black SN850X | 2TB | 7,300MB/s read | 6,600MB/s write

WD_Black SN850X | 2TB | 7,300MB/s read | 6,600MB/s write
The 1TB version is a great shout if you're after an affordable, but fast, SSD. But the 2TB drive is a great price with regular discounts down to under the $200 mark much of the time. That puts it below the competing Samsung or SK Hynix drives.

The arrival of the Ryzen Zen 4 CPU family means that PCIe Gen 5 is now a thing on both AMD and Intel platforms. But let’s be real. Your current PC almost certainly doesn’t have a PCIe 5.0 M.2 slot. Enter, therefore, the new WD Black SN850X, something of a last hurrah for Gen 4 SSDs. And it's the best one out there right now.

SK Hynix's Platinum P41 might just have the edge on performance, but the lead is so negligible that the less expensive SN850X is our pick of the current SSD crop.

Our review configuration is clad head-to-toe in WD’s signature armour-style cooling, but it needn't have bothered. This SSD runs quite a bit cooler than even its forebear, the WD Black SN850.

In many other regards, this new X model is a dead ringer for the existing SN850. We’re talking four lanes of PCIe Gen 4 connectivity in the now ubiquitous M.2 2280 form factor. But the 1TB model reviewed here is now the entry-level option. There’s no longer a 512GB model. What’s more, WD’s in-house controller chip, provided by compatriot SanDisk, has been revised, though detailed specifics aren't provided.

It improves game loading times courtesy of a so-called "read look-ahead" algorithm, which predictively caches game data.

Rather more specific to this WD drive is the latest 2.0 version of the company's Game Mode drive management software. WD claims it improves game loading times courtesy of a so-called "read look-ahead" algorithm, which predictively caches game data. It now runs automatically, detecting when games are loaded. How much that kind of feature actually makes a difference in the real world is notoriously difficult to pin down. But it's unlikely to be revolutionary.

Reduced operating temps are another clear benefit of this new drive. The old SN850 hit a toasty 77°C. The new drive hits just 58°C under sustained load. That's a very worthwhile improvement. Elsewhere, the gains are less obvious, albeit the SN850 was already a great drive. The 4K random access results are a little disappointing, showing little to no improvement. Likewise, don't expect big gains in system-wide measures of performance like PC Mark 10.

This means that the new WD Black SN850X isn't a revolutionary leap forward. Indeed, in the real world, you'll struggle to notice the difference compared to the existing SN850 drive. But then that's because the SN850 is a very good SSD. The one exception to that is operating temperatures. Happily, this new X model runs unambiguously cooler. 

For most PC applications, that probably doesn't matter. But for small form factor rigs and perhaps a gaming laptop, every little can undoubtedly help. On that note, for most applications, we'd probably go for the cheaper bare drive rather than this more expensive model with its heat spreader. The revised SN850X is inherently a cooler-running thing, after all.

Read our full WD Black SN850X SSD review.

The best budget NVMe SSD


Capacity: 250GB, 500GB, 1TB, 2TB
Controller: Sandisk PCIe 4.0
Flash: Kioxia BiCS5 112-layer TLC
Interface: M.2 PCIe 4.0 x4
Seq. read: 5,150MB/s
Seq. write: 4,900MB/s

Reasons to buy

Solid performance
In-house controller and flash
Five-year warranty

Reasons to avoid

Relatively small SLC cache...
...slow when you go over it
Can get toasty

Our favorite WD Black SN770 config:

WD Black SN770 | 1TB | 5,150MB/s read | 4,900MB/s write

WD Black SN770 | 1TB | 5,150MB/s read | 4,900MB/s write
This DRAM-less drive may not offer the fastest throughput, but it isn't far off, and in terms of value for money it's in a class of its own. 1TB for just over $100 is definitely worth picking up.

We've seen some incredible NVMe SSD releases recently, but they've tended to focus on top-end performance and come with prices to match. The WD_Black SN770 bucks this trend and, like its predecessor, the SN750, is aimed at offering better value for money than outright performance. 

The main way it achieves this is by being a DRAM-less SSD drive. This saves a big chunk of the manufacturer's bill of materials, and thanks to advances in the latest controllers, it can be surprising how little impact this has on performance. Such drives are slower, don't get me wrong, but this new SN770 still quotes read and writes of 5,150MB/s and 4,900MB/s, respectively. Not bad. 

The drive is a low-profile affair, with this 1TB model boasting a single NAND flash module at the back (a rebranded Kioxia BiCS5 112-Layer TLC chip) and the SanDisk controller towards the connector. Western Digital rarely reveals much about its controllers, which is the case here. 

The SN770 is available in four sizes—250GB, 500GB, 1TB, and 2TB, although there's no 4TB option, which is a bit of a shame. If you want a seriously capacious drive, you'll want to track down the Sabrent Rocket offerings, which go all the way up to 8TB. 

It's in the real-world tests where the SN770 really struts its stuff.

The synthetic performance shows the SN770 trails more expensive drives in terms of reads, although the writes are much closer. The 4K performance is relatively impressive and shows that the SN770 has something to offer in this crowded marketplace. It's not too surprising that this drive outperforms Samsung's DRAM-less offering, as that is a PCIe 3.0 drive, after all, but the extent to which it does is impressive.

It's worth noting that this drive can get hot when pushed, just like the SN850. It hit 76°C after a long day of testing, but without direct cooling on it, not even a heatsink. It should be fine in most systems, especially if your motherboard does come with some cooling solution.

It's in the real-world tests where the SN770 really struts its stuff. You'd be hard-pushed to tell the difference between this drive and much faster offerings in most day-to-day operations. Given this is the cheaper drive right now, that counts for a lot. The SN850 is the better drive if you need better performance, but you will pay considerably more.

The only problem for this drive is that we don't know how fast a drive needs to be for Microsoft's DirectStorage. We know some developers have been targeting 5,000MB/s, which is where the SN770 sits in our testing. So it should be good, and it's very tempting for the money. If you're a serious gamer, though, we'd recommend going a little bit higher up the product stack, and grabbing that WD_Black SN850. 

Read our full WD Black SN770 1TB review.

The most powerful NVMe SSD


Capacity: 500GB, 1TB, 2TB
Controller: SK Hynix Aries
Flash: 176-layer TLC NAND
Interface: M.2 PCIe 4.0 x4
Seq. read: 7,000MB/s
Seq. write: 6,500MB/s

Reasons to buy

Excellent all-round performance
No major weaknesses
Competitive on price with direct rivals

Reasons to avoid

Runs a tiny bit hot
Unspectacular 4K performance
Better value is available elsewhere

Our favorite SK Hynix Platinum P41 config:

SK Hynix Platinum P41 | 1TB | 7,000MB/s read | 6,500MB/s write

SK Hynix Platinum P41 | 1TB | 7,000MB/s read | 6,500MB/s write
The great thing about the SK Hynix drive is that its 1TB drive is just as quick as the 2TB version, which means you get the highest performance write SSD at 1TB. The WD SN850X will generally be cheaper, but if you need the raw SSD performance the 1TB P41 nails it.

Give it up for the new SK Hynix Platinum P41 2TB. If that doesn't exactly roll off the tongue, it also doesn't help that SK Hynix isn't the most familiar brand regarding the sort of consumer-focused clobber that's aimed at gamers, including SSDs.

Of course, SK Hynix isn't new to this space, but the new P41 is arguably the brand's first tilt at a truly high-end M.2 drive. The old SK Hynix Gold P31 was a bit of a clunky old thing, limited as it was to the PCIe 3.0 interface and a controller chip with a mere four memory channels. The new Platinum P41? It's got it all. 

Well, it's got it all if the context is PCIe 4.0 drives. The PCIe Gen 5 revolution is just around the corner. But for now, PCIe Gen 4 is not only where it's at. It's probably also the limit of your PC or laptop's capabilities. Anyway, the P41 has SK Hynix's brand new Gen 4 controller, known as Aries. While these things tend to be relatively mysterious black boxes, we do at least know that Aries has a claimed doubling of IOPS performance versus SK Hynix's old Cepheues chip, along with one-third faster IO speeds.

Not only that, but it's also a quad-core design that sports eight memory controllers and allocates 2GB of DDR4 cache memory for this 2TB model. All of which makes it on par with top-end controllers like the Phison E18, as seen in various drives, including the Seagate FireCuda 530, the SanDisk-powered WD Black SN850X, and the new Pascal chip in the Samsung 990 Pro.

The Platinum P41 is basically as fast as anything else out there.

As for the actual flash memory used, it's SK Hynix's latest and very greatest 176-layer 3D TLC NAND. It's about as advanced as TLC memory currently gets, and SK Hynix claims a 40% performance boost over its old 128-layer chips. The net result is sequential read and write specs for this 2TB model of 7,000MB/s and 6,500MB/s respectively. 

Finally, on the speeds and feeds, this 2TB drive is rated at 1,200TB for write endurance. As it happens, that's precisely the same as the new Samsung 990 Pro 2TB. But it's also far from some other competing M.2 SSDs. 

All of this leaves the minor matter of how this drive actually performs. When it comes to peak sequential throughput, the Platinum P41 is basically as fast as anything else out there, bar a few rounding errors. OK, the Samsung 990 Pro is a bit faster at 7,462MB/s for reads to the P41's 7,375MB/s. But, honestly, it's inconsequential. The same goes for writes, where almost all the top drives will do just under 6.9GB/s.

Slightly less edifying are the P41's operating temps. At a 71°C peak, it's a little toastier than we'd ideally like. Not that we saw any signs of any thermal throttling. But temps that high is a teensy bit of a long-term reliability concern. 

So, this is a damn good drive. It's at least as good as anything else: trading blows with WD's Black SN850X, Samsung's upgraded 990 Pro, and the usual Phison E18-powered suspects. If you want a top-end PCIe 4.0 drive, there's certainly plenty of choices. And the SK Hynix Platinum P41 2TB should certainly be on your shortlist.

Read our full SK Hynix Platinum P41 review.

The best Steam Deck SSD


Capacity: 256GB, 512GB, 1TB
Controller: Phison E21
Flash: 177-layer TLC NAND
Interface: M.2 PCIe 4.0 x4
Seq. read: Up to 5,000MB/s
Seq. write: Up to 4,300MB/s

Reasons to buy

Real world performance trumps the Deck
Smaller capacities don't tank the battery

Reasons to avoid

Inconsistent at 1TB...
and with higher power draw

Our favorite Sabrent Rocket 2230 config:

Sabrent Rocket 2230 | 512GB | 5,000MB/s read | 3,700MB/s writes

Sabrent Rocket 2230 | 512GB | 5,000MB/s read | 3,700MB/s writes
The 512GB drive is probably the sweet spot upgrade for anyone with either the 64GB or 256GB Steam Deck. You get both more space for your games as well as faster performance and lower power to help eke out a little bit more battery life.

Praise be to the good lord Gabe, more NVMe drives in the Steam Deck's puny 2230 form factor have started to drop. Now is the time for tinkering, and the voiding of warranties. And if you're sitting there asking yourself "Is a Steam Deck SSD upgrade worth it?" I'm going to lay it out for you. 

I've been through and tested each of Sabrent's new collection of Rocket NVMe 2230 SSDs, pitting each one against the Steam Deck's own, internal NVMe drive to see if upgrading the Steam Deck SSD will make a tangible improvement to your handheld experience. Or just hold you back.

So we're on the same page, you may have a different SSD in your Deck than mine. That's because Valve downgraded the steam decks internal SSD in some cases, so it's a bit of a lottery whether 256GB and 512GB models will come with a PCIe Gen 3x4 or Gen 3x2 SSD. I'm testing against my Deck's Gen 3x4 512GB (ESMP512GKB4C3-E13TS) SSD, with a Phison controller and 96-Layer TLC Flash memory. 

There doesn't seem to be a trade-off in terms of performance and power draw—that's a win/win!

Coming in 256GB, 512GB, and 1TB capacities, Sabrent's diddy Gen 4x4 drives retail at $50, $90, and $170 respectively. That's substantially more than you'd expect to pay for a similar capacity 2280 form-factor drive but sure, I'll bite. Not like there's much tiny, high speed competition out there at the moment.

The 256GB is rated to 4,640MB/s reads and 1,900MB/s writes, whereas the 512GB is meant to be closer to 5,000MB/s reads, and 3,700MB/s writes. The 1TB drops down a little at 4,750MB/s reads, but 4,300MB/s write speeds. And with each featuring 177-layer 3D NAND flash tech, we should see some real tangible improvements over the Steam Decks internal SSD, however many lanes Valve has seen fit to grace your Steam Deck with. Whether that's going to translate to real-world performance—and whether it has the potential to tank the Deck's battery—is another matter.

My Deck's original Phison SSD chugs along with read/write speeds of 2,292MB/s and 1,176MB/s. Random 4K reads sit at 54MB/s and 235MB/s writes. The random performance is where Steam Deck users should be looking, as it simulates the kind of real-world, intermittent accessing the drive will undergo on a daily basis.

Jamming the like-for-like capacity Sabrent Rocket 512GB SSD in the Steam Deck saw an average power draw of more like 2W which, considering the difference in KdiskMark scores is really something. I'd expected a much higher power draw with read/write speeds closer to 3,566MB/s and 2,853MB/s, but considering games that previously took 20 seconds to load up a new game were now revving up in under 14 seconds, and 30 second loads had been sliced by a good 11 seconds, it's not like the SSD had much time to rev up even if the power draw had increased.

In other words, there doesn't seem to be a trade-off in terms of performance and power draw—that's a win/win!

When it comes to real-world random performance, the 512GB Sabrent rocks a good 78MB/s read speed over the Phison, with 252MB/s writes to boot. That means my 7GB file transfer time has decreased pretty substantially, from 36 seconds down to 14.

For those currently packing the lower capacity Steam Decks bagging the 512GB Sabrent drive is a no brainer. Particularly when you consider their combined price is $160 less than the 512GB Deck. Even the 256GB option is a stellar choice if you're looking to save $30 on something just as speedy as its 512GB sibling. If you can forgo a bit of storage space, it'll certainly blow whatever eMMC SSD the 64GB Deck's touting out of the water.

Read our full Sabrent Rocket 2230 review.

SILICON POWER XS70 2TB NVME SSD on a motherboard.

(Image credit: Future)
The best PS5 NVMe upgrade SSD


Capacity: 1TB, 2TB, 4TB
Controller: Phison PS5018-E18
Flash: Micron 176L TLC NAND
Interface: M.2 PCIe 4.0 x4
Seq. read: 7,300MB/s
Seq. write: 6,800MB/s

Reasons to buy

Attractive heatsink
PS5 compatible
Excellent performance
Price competitive

Reasons to avoid

Lacks software

Our favorite Silicon Power XS70 SSD config:

Silicon Power 2TB XS70  | 2TB | 7,100MB/s read | 6,600MB/s write

Silicon Power 2TB XS70  | 2TB | 7,100MB/s read | 6,600MB/s write
The 2TB model comes at a very competitive price and works well as an expansion drive for the PlayStation 5. 

Silicon Power is a brand that probably doesn’t get much attention compared to the likes of Samsung or WD, but when you look at its latest XS70 NVMe SSD with its high-end specifications, it's clear that the brand name isn't everything. Armed with the latest Phison controller and high-performance NAND flash memory, a drive like the Silicon Power XS70 should have no problem competing with the best SSD on the market. 

At $170, the XS70 is priced well for a high-performance 2TB SSD, but there's fierce competition from other third-party SSD makers in this price range. The Silicon Power XS70 2TB SSD is a 2280 (80mm length) M.2 PCIe NVMe drive. It combines Micron 176-Layer TLC NAND with a Phison PS5018-E18 controller and 2GB of DDR4 RAM. That combination is common to many of the best SSDs, including the highly regarded Seagate FireCuda 530 and Kingston KC3000.

It's a highly competitive SSD with great performance and an attractive design and offers good value for money.

The XS70 is designed with PS5 compatibility in mind so the heatsink isn’t as bulky as some others you might come across. It really does look good. Admittedly I'm talking about an SSD here, and its not the kind of thing you'll spend time looking at, but Silicon Power's designers deserve credit.

The Silicon Power XS70 2TB isn't revolutionary, but then nobody expects it to be. It's a highly competitive SSD with great performance, an attractive design and it offers good value for money. It's not perfect, it lacks its own software and hardware encryption but for a PS5 or PC gamer, that won't matter. Load it up with your game library and you'll love it.

The excellent all-around performance on offer from the XS70 makes it a very compelling option and it's easily worth considering if it’s price competitive at the time you look to make your purchase. 

Read our full Silicon Power 2TB XS70 review.


How do we test NVMe SSDs?

We put every SSD we get in the PC Gamer labs through their paces in various benchmarks made up of a mix of synthetic tests and real-world applications. To ascertain a drives sequential throughput, we use ATTO SSD Benchmark for compressible data (a best-case scenario) and AS SSD for incompressible data (more realistic). We also test random throughput with AS SSD and a combination of CrystalDiskMark 7.0 and Anvil Pro. 

When it comes to the real-world tests, we time how long it takes to copy a 30GB game install across the drive and use PCMark10 and Final Fantasy XIV: Shadowbringers, which includes a level load test. We also check operating temperatures to ensure that the drive isn't getting too hot and throttling.

Can I fit an NVMe SSD on my motherboard?

The M.2 socket has been included on motherboards of all kinds for many years now, so the chances are that there's a spare slot sitting inside your existing gaming PC. Check out your motherboard's specs page online before pulling the trigger on an NVMe SSD purchase, though, to be sure. Those harboring a board that's a few years old now, do yourself a favor and make sure it supports booting from an NVMe drive first. Not all older motherboards do, especially if you're going back multiple CPU generations (maybe a full upgrade's due, if so).

What is NVMe, exactly?

The NVMe, or Non-Volatile Memory Express interface, has been designed specifically with solid state drives in mind. In contrast, SATA, the previous interface in charge, was built to cater to most HDDs. The thought is, at the time, that no storage would ever need to exceed its lofty max bandwidth. To the surprise of a few, new storage mediums such as solid state absolutely blaze past SATA's max bandwidth, and so a new protocol in NVMe was born. 

That makes NVMe SSDs the perfect storage tech for gaming. 

Running on the same basic interface as your graphics card, NVMe SSDs deliver more raw bandwidth and performance than any SATA-based SSD could ever offer. They're also a lot smaller than any other hard drive or SSD too, which all means that the best NVMe SSDs are perfect for either that small form factor build you always wanted or a monstrous high-end gaming PC build

What's so special about NVMe?

The old storage paradigm was built on the idea of spinning disks. When SSDs hit the mainstream consumer market back in 2007, they reset our expectations for storage. Moving from the mechanical world of hard drives to the silicon world of SSDs brought rapid improvements in performance, technology, capacities, and reliability. SSDs quickly saturated the various SATA connections, and so faster alternatives were needed, but the interface was only part of the problem.

The AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface) command protocol was designed for much slower media (i.e., spinning magnetic disks). AHCI is inefficient with modern SSDs, so a new standard was developed: NVMHCI (Non-Volatile Memory Host Controller Interface). Combine NVMHCI with a fast PCIe interface, and you have NVMe, Non-Volatile Memory Express. It's a much-improved interface developed around the needs of flash memory rather than spinning disks.

What's NVMe performance like in the real world?

If you're copying a game from one drive to another or validating game files in Steam, faster NVMe drives make a difference. They can also shave off a second or two when it comes time to load a game level, but the more significant difference is against hard drives, where even a slower SATA SSD is much faster. Go beyond a certain point, and all SSDs start to feel similar.

In other words, while the speed freak in me loves what NVMe brings to the table, I recognize that in practice, it's usually not that noticeable. If you're looking to get the most from your money when it comes time to build a gaming PC, good SATA SSDs remain an excellent option, with prices now falling below 10 cents per GB.

NVMe drives are becoming increasingly commonplace, and prices continue to drop. In the past year, I've tested far more NVMe drives than SATA drives, mainly because SATA drives are all starting to look the same. Most hit the same ~550MB/s limit of the SATA interface for sequential IO, though random IO can still be a bit problematic on some models. With budget NVMe prices now matching SATA drives, most new builds should seriously consider whether the extra power and data cables of SATA are necessary.

What PCIe generation should I look for?

Right now, PCIe 4.0 is the go-to PCIe generation. That's because it offers a high speed at a reasonable cost. The newest SSDs on the market offer PCIe 5.0 capability, which doubles the theoretical bandwidth an SSD can run at. However, these are few and far between and awfully expensive. Also the first  drives of any PCIe generation tend to end up much slower than what that generation is truly capable of.

Here are the rough speeds for each PCIe generation over x4 lanes:

PCIe 1.0: 1GB/s
PCIe 2.0: 2GB/s
PCIe 3.0: 4GB/s
PCIe 4.0: 8GB/s
PCIe 5.0: 16GB/s

Jeremy Laird
Hardware writer

Jeremy has been writing about technology and PCs since the 90nm Netburst era (Google it!) and enjoys nothing more than a serious dissertation on the finer points of monitor input lag and overshoot followed by a forensic examination of advanced lithography. Or maybe he just likes machines that go “ping!” He also has a thing for tennis and cars.

With contributions from