A solid router is literally the centerpiece of our home network. Some might mistakenly think that any old gear will get the job done, but the router is a critical component in the modern home. Multiple devices and increasing bandwidth requirements are all pushing the router, network, and internet connection to their limits. When it comes to PC gaming, the router is frequently under heavy load as it tries to deliver bleeding edge performance. After you’ve spent the serious cash for choice parts on your gaming rig, the next step is to find a router to match and deliver on the ‘total experience.’ A router needs to cope not only with our current performance needs, but also the future demands of 4K video, Twitch streaming, VR, and the like.
While every PC user needs a router, gamers have more specialized needs in this area. Some gamers are of the opinion that all gaming should be done via a wired connection. That is certainly the ideal situation, but the fact is many of us do not want to be tethered to a network cable at all times, and here’s where the right networking hardware can make a real difference.
Just like your PC needs the right parts (mostly that means a modern graphics card) to handle games, the same holds true for the router. There are many features on routers, such as the bandwidth (wired and wireless), potential for attached storage, security aspects, and more, but these are not all specific to gaming needs.
The main feature that a gaming router needs to include is Quality of Service settings (QoS). This helps prioritize gaming traffic over other content, ensuring smooth frame rates during game play. This helps when other people on the network are consuming bandwidth, such as streaming videos or downloading game files.
That might be enough for most people, but for others, a gaming router should look the part. You’ll find they frequently have glossy paint jobs that would look at home on a supercar, and angled exteriors that have their origins in stealth military aircraft design. A gaming router might look more than a bit out of place in an office environment, but is perfectly at home alongside a dual monitor setup and an LED-emblazoned case.
With these criteria in mind, we set out to find the best gaming routers. We narrowed things down to a top pick in three different categories after having gone hands-on with the latest models and evaluating for usability and performing benchmark tests. Also, be aware that while a decent router can provide service for several years, the market continues to change. Routers don’t go out of date as often as a traditional PC or GPU, but the router segment was far more static years ago; these days there’s a lot more emphasis on additional features and faster speeds.
As a general recommendation, if your router is sporting 802.11n or older wireless, it’s definitely time to see what modern router hardware can do to bring your network up to speed. And of course, don’t forget to check out our Buying Guide for a wireless client adapter—there’s no sense running an 802.11ac router with support for four streams if you’re using a client adapter that is outdated.
The first thing to look at when choosing a router is what Wi-Fi standard it uses. The current standard is 802.11ac, which was ratified in 2014 and supersedes 802.11n (a standard introduced in 2009). The two major advances of 802.11n were the introduction of simultaneous 2.4GHz and 5GHz wireless frequencies from the same router, and MIMO (“multiple in, multiple out”), which divides the data stream between multiple antennas. Speeds on 802.11n top out at 450Mbps on both the 2.4GHz and the 5GHz frequency on an N900 router. There was also beamforming (a technology to focus the transmission of the signal to direct it to the client) with 802.11n gear, but this was proprietary and required a client adapter that supports it from the same manufacturer of the router, meaning it was generally not used.
The newer 802.11ac routers also transmit on both 2.4GHz and 5GHz. The standards for 2.4GHz are essentially a carryover from 802.11n, except that up to four simultaneous spatial streams are supported, each carrying 150Mbps, for a total of 600Mbps. On the 5GHz side of things, 802.11ac bumps the speed per channel from 150Mbps to 433Mbps. It also supports MIMO for up to eight spatial streams, allowing for faster maximum speeds. Beamforming is part of the standard, so this technology is supported across different manufacturers of routers and clients.
Within the 802.11ac standard, there are many speeds to choose from. They are based on the combined theoretical maximum speed of the 2.4GHz and the 5GHz frequencies, rounded as needed. For example, AC1200 has a 2.4GHz speed of 300Mbps and a 5GHz speed of 867Mbps, which sums to 1167 and gets rounded to AC1200. Here’s the list of currently ratings:
It should be noted that on the fastest standards, AC3200 and AC5300, this is based on total bandwidth sent across three connections: one 2.4GHz, and two 5GHz. A single client will not receive that much bandwidth, and while this is not a significant limitation, it does amount to a certain amount of manufacturer exaggeration. On an AC5300 router, for example, they state “deliver faster Wi-Fi speeds of up to 5332 Mpbs,” failing to note that it’s only in aggregate.
The latest so-called ‘Wave 2’ routers support MU-MIMO. This stands for multiple user, multiple input, multiple output. While 802.11n MIMO was limited to a single client, MU-MIMO can be used across four simultaneous clients. It takes advantage of the radio wave phenomenon of multipath propagation. By this process, data transmission becomes more efficient as less bandwidth is wasted, and simultaneous transmissions can occur multiple channels.
In our testing, we were able to demonstrate in a setup where both the router and the client supported MU-MIMO, more than double the throughput compared to SU-MIMO.
While beamforming debuted with the 802.11n standard, it was significantly limited by requiring the router and the client to be from the same manufacturer. With 802.11ac, beamforming is now part of the standard, providing compatibility between manufacturers.
This technology allows the router to focus the transmission of the data stream more directly to the client, rather than transmitting equally in all directions. This increases the signal strength to where it is needed, with less interference. While this is now a standard, there are still proprietary implementations of beamforming such as Netgear’s Beamforming+ or D-Link’s AC Smartbeam, which promise even faster speeds. However, these claims go largely untested.
Open source firmware
Like other computing gear, routers have firmware embedded into their flash memory. When a router becomes vulnerable to an attack, it’s up to the manufacturer to patch the firmware. This is one of the arguments to have a router from a major manufacturer so that there will be firmware updates down the road, as long as the router remains supported. When setting up most routers, they will check for the latest firmware and install it, providing the best and most secure experience.
Unfortunately, even the most reliable and zealous manufacturers of networking gear grow faint in the firmware department at some point. It’s not realistic for a manufacturer to continue devoting resources to older products that are long out of warranty support, and these are usually no longer being sold. But with homes and businesses continuing to use routers for many years, the potential to end up with network vulnerabilities on older hardware is a concern.
There are several open source firmware solutions that are produced and maintained by enthusiastic communities. These projects include DD-WRT, Tomato, and OpenWRT. While these open firmwares were traditionally loaded onto routers no longer supported to enable current security and additional features, times have changed. Some manufacturers, such as Buffalo with their AirStation Extreme AC1750, are manufacturing new routers, and their only firmware is of the open source variety. Some question whether this is a better approach, but an advantage is that the end user will likely have access to a more secure and up to date firmware for longer than what most manufacturers typically support.
Routers have settings that need to be configured, such as setting up a Guest Network, or changing the Wi-Fi password. Typically this is done via a web interface through a browser page on the computer. More convenient is a smartphone interface done via an Android or iOS app. These are free apps that are provided by the router manufacturer that can control many, but not all, of the router functions that can be done over a web interface. (These same apps can also be used on a tablet, naturally.)
The advantage is that the login and web address do not need to be remembered each time an adjustment is made. Examples of this include the Netgear Genie and Google’s OnHub. An additional benefit is that some of these apps can be used even when the smartphone is away from the router and not connected via Wi-Fi, which can be useful when there is an issue with the home network and you are elsewhere.
QoS stands for Quality of Service. This is a setting that allows the router to prioritize more important traffic over less critical data, allowing the available bandwidth to be utilized most effectively. In general, streaming media, such as high bandwidth HD or 4K video, and gaming require an uninterrupted flow of data to ensure an excellent experience. Higher performance routers feature QoS that can be toggled on as an overall setting. Even better, some routers allow for even more granular settings that allow certain websites to be specifically designated as priority. If you value low ping times in games and routinely have other PCs or devices using a lot of your internet bandwidth, QoS can be very beneficial.
Checking bandwidth and how we test
All the routers in this guide were tested first hand using a variety of high bandwidth applications, including gaming, 4K video, file transfers, and general web surfing. The latest version of the router’s firmware was flashed onto the router at the onset of testing. All the client devices used were consistent throughout testing, running the latest drivers and software.
Testing was done for throughput using NetPerf software. A desktop with a Gigabit Ethernet port (10/100/1000) is used to send the data via a wired connection to the router via a CAT 5e cable.
Three test runs were done on each wireless adapter at each of the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz frequencies, at both the close and far distances, with the highest throughput of each parameter reported. The client used is the Trendnet TEW-809UB, our choice for the Best high-end USB Wi-Fi Adapter. The throughput is tested both at a “close” 8’ (2.4m) distance with direct line of sight, and also at a “far” 30’ (9.1m) distance with an obstructing floor and wall in the way, as well as some metal ductwork intervening. The “close” test indicates the peak throughput of the hardware, while the “far” test is a more realistic test of what the end user will experience when separated from the router by a wall or floor.
The results are presented below, with all speeds reported in Mbps, and the top result for each test in bold, and the best speed for each category in italics.
Performance results will vary from environment to environment. We made sure to test all routers in the same environment. So the key takeaway from the numbers should be their relative performance differences, and not the raw figures.
Routers will continue to evolve, with new technology on the horizon. The successor to the current Wi-Fi standard, 802.11ac is 802.11ad. This adds a third frequency, 60GHz, to the mix. This is a millimeter wireless frequency that will offer increased bandwidth with speeds measured in Gbps on a single channel, and plans to combine with MU-MIMO for up to 10 simultaneous channels that will truly bring us routers capable of “Warp speed.”
Another direction that routers are moving in is to have more available computing power, with the routers featuring dual core processors, with RAM and storage that would have fit in with a mainstream computer from some years ago. With this level of computing power on tap, routers such as the Synology RT1900ac become possible that integrate more functionality including an app store and PC-less downloads.
As new routers come on the market, with additional features and technologies, look for this guide to evolve.
Some online stores give us a small cut if you buy something through one of our links. Read our affiliate policy for more info.